CipherTrade said that over 56% of all cryptocurrency service providers, such as wallets, exchanges, and others, have a “weak or porous” KYC process globally. The metric meant criminals and money launderers can use such services to deposit or withdrawal their ill-gotten funds with very minimal to no KYC.
Leading in such avenues were businesses in the US, Singapore, and the UK, said CipherTrace, despite the strong financial regulations in the three regions.
“Although these regions host a higher volume of crypto service providers in general, the large count of VASPs in these countries that require little to no KYC demonstrates the ease and volume of potential off-ramps for money launderers,” the report pointed out.
CipherTrace analysts, citing the report’s data, found that over 60% of the top 10 “worst KYC countries” in the world were in Europe, 20% are in Latin American and Caribbean countries, and the final 20% were in APAC countries.
Due to strict, or rather: non-existent, regulations around digital currencies, most crypto businesses are forced to operate in obscure lands and open accounts in a tax haven like the Cayman Islands. However, low KYC means regulators can still catch users and charge business owners — such as yesterday’s regulatory action against BitMEX showed.
The great DeFi risk
CipherTrace also pointed out that the burgeoning decentralized finance (DeFi) marketplace — which has grown to over $10 billion in the past months — shows characteristics of and is ripe to be taken advantage of by money launderers.
The firm noted that even as the operation (meaning the smart contracts and other technologies) were decentralized, their actual governance and the presence of board members running the show at such projects meant regulatory trouble may lay ahead.
Researchers found that over 90% of DEXs with a clearly domiciled country had deficient KYC, with 81% having little to no KYC whatsoever. This, according to some regulators, maybe a “compliance violation, despite their decentralized nature.”
The firm cited Valerie Szczepanik of the US Securities and Exchange Commission in the regard:
“[DeFi Projects] are likely subject to various laws already, including securities law, potentially banking and lending laws—definitely AML/CTF laws.”
Bill Barhydt, the co-founder of crypto wallet Abra, also raised similar concerns yesterday after US courts summoned the three founders of BitMEX.
DeFi services are not sufficiently decentralized today to have no central off switch. That means the companies behind them are at risk. Oracles are another problem.